Engineering of the Highest Caliber: Kazimierz Siemienowicz and the Culmination of the Military Revolution




Siemienowicz, rocketry, artillery, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, caliber, Tipu Sultan, William Congreve


The interregnum between the death of Galileo and the publication of Newton’s Principia produced great advances in military science and technology. Particularly noteworthy are Kazimierz Siemienowicz’s contributions to artillery and to the field of rocketry. The dominating nature of these weapon systems remain as relevant today as it did in 1650 with the publication of his opus, The Great Art of Artillery. Rocket technology defines power relations, whether fired indiscriminately across a national border or positioned menacingly in a silo as an intercontinental ballistic missile. Siemienowicz’s designs, namely his multi-stage rockets with delta-wing stabilizers and ejection nozzles, became instruments of state power. The standardization of the caliber scale, the writing of the science of artillery, the optimization of gunpowder quality, and the pioneering work in rocketry, which became his legacy, qualify him as principal in the culmination of the military revolution.


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How to Cite

Wlodkowski, P. . (2022). Engineering of the Highest Caliber: Kazimierz Siemienowicz and the Culmination of the Military Revolution. Studia Historiae Scientiarum, 21, 25–58.