Engineering interests and inventions of Isaac Newton

  • Jacek Rodzeń Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Instytut Historii (Kielce, Poland)
Keywords: Isaac Newton, engineering, scientific instruments, steam engine, history of navigation, 17th century science

Abstract

The paper presents engineering interests of Isaac Newton, including some of his technical inventions. So far, this topic has not been studied in a broader manner and in more depth. This article discusses Newton’s youthful passions against the backdrop of the so-called mathematical magic literature. His two inventions, i.e. variants of the reflecting telescope and the marine octant are also discussed. Finally, an example is provided of the involvement of the author of Principia in a discussion around the steam engine and the ship powered by such engine designed by Denis Papin.

Author Biography

Jacek Rodzeń, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Instytut Historii (Kielce, Poland)

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Lista ilustracji

Ryc. 1. Teleskop zwierciadłowy (Newton 1672b, tabl. I, fig. 1). Dostęp online (14.10.2019): https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/179117#page/16/mode/1up.

Ryc. 2. Oktant morski (Newton 1742). Dostęp online (14.10.2019): https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rstl.1742.0039.

Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Rodzeń, J. (2020). Engineering interests and inventions of Isaac Newton. Studia Historiae Scientiarum, 19, 329-374. https://doi.org/10.4467/2543702XSHS.20.011.12567
Section
SCIENCE BEYOND BORDERS