Przeciwdziałanie mobbingowi w organizacji na przykładzie wybranych krajów Unii Europejskiej – uwarunkowania prawne
Preventing bullying in the organisation in selected countries of the European Union – legal considerations
In broadly understood global economy, where human capital is the most important link in any organisation, workplace bullying has become an increasing problem in both the developed and the developing countries, as well as in Poland. Emphasised in the literature is the fact that bullying in its early stages can be recognised the fastest in the countries with a high level of organisational culture. In other countries, however, it is only noticeable when it takes a radical form. This is mainly due to the perception of this phenomenon from a legal perspective. In those countries where the concept came to legislation earlier, the reaction to bullying is quicker. Since the issue of bullying in the organisation has a multifaceted character, this publication refers to the aspects arising from the law of a given country. At the beginning of these considerations, the causal process of bullying has been described, starting with its definition and brief characterisation. The global dimension of this phenomenon is presented with the scale of its occurrence in selected countries of the European Union. The article presents the legal regulations concerning the methods of dealing with psychological harassment, and, in particular, the analysis of organisational and legal solutions within organisations. Its main aim is to find an answer to the following question: How should the problem of bullying in Polish companies be solved? Attempting to answer this question, the author takes into account the experiences of other Member States and the views of the representatives of various scientific disciplines regarding the prevention or the understanding of the mobbing problem. The article reviews Polish and foreign source literature, thereby deepening the knowledge on human resource management by psychological harassment.